Virginia Renewables


Estimates of Wood Residues used as Fuel, by Manufacturer Type, by End Consumer, 1996 (Tons)
Type of Manufacturer
(SIC Code)/

End Consumer
Chips Coarse Residue Sawdust Planer Shavings Bark Mixed Residue Other Green and Dry Residue Sanderdust Pallets
Total 78,220 25,665 245,997 8,882 61,400 86,618 35,653 29,379 32,923
Primary Manufacturers
Primary Manufacturers Total 27,151 9,615 185,418 7,786 56,947 14,196 22,438 28,610 -
Hardwood Sawmill Wood Residues (2421) 15,755 1,840 141,242 3,510 1,240 4,000 473 - -
Used at facility as fuel - 40 10,000 - - 500 - - -
Sold to others as fuel 15,755 1,800 131,242 3,510 1,240 3,500 473 - -
Pipe Sawmill Wood Residues (2421) 9,391 - 42,046 4,026 4,550 - - - -
Used at facility as fuel 4,500 - 14,780 4,026 4,200 - - - -
Sold to others as fuel 4,891 - 27,266 - 350 - - - -
Engineered Wood Manufacturers (2493) - 4,950 - - 16,632 10,071 140 26,957 -
Used at facility as fuel - 4,950 - - 8,316 - - 25,957 -
Sold to others as fuel - - - - 8,316 10,071 140 1,000 -
Paper Manufacturers (2621, 2631) - - - - 34,400 - - - -
Used at facility as fuel - - - - 34,400 - - - -
Sold to others as fuel - - - - - - - - -
Hardwood Plywood Manufacturers (2435) 2,005 2,825 2,130 250 125 125 21,825 1,653 -
Used at facility as fuel 1,097 2,825 1,222 250 125 125 10,958 902 -
Sold to others as fuel 908 - 908 - - - 10,867 751 -
Secondary Manufacturers
Secondary Manufacturers Total 51,069 16,050 60,579 1,096 4,453 72,422 13,215 769 32,923
Rough Mill Operations (2431, 2434, 2426) 43,184 14,349 33,820 20 - 2,879 - - -
Used at facility as fuel 8,155 13,431 19,338 20 - 2,879     -
Sold to others as fuel 35,029 918 14,482           -
Pallet Manufacturers (2448) 1,200 - 21,984 - 4,453 29,542 2,000 - 20,166
Used at facility as fuel - - - - 607 - - - 524
Sold to others as fuel 1,200 - 21,984 - 3,846 29,542 2,000 - 19,642
Furniture Manufacturers (2511, 2512, 2519, 2521, 2531, 2599) 690 180 1,749 1,076 - 39,164 - 769 7
Used at facility as fuel 690 - 1,229 1,076 - 33,302 - 769 7
Sold to others as fuel - 180 520 <0.5 - 5,862 - - -
Housing Manufacturers (2451, 2452, 2439) 1,036 6 6 - - - 15 - -
Used at facility as fuel 36 6 6 - - - 15 - -
Sold to others as fuel 1,000 - - - - - - - -
Other Manufacturers (5211, 2429, 2499) 4,959 1,515 3,020 - - 837 11,200 - 12,750
Used at facility as fuel 957 325 3,020 - - - 1,200 - 4250
Sold to others as fuel 4,002 1,190 - - - 837 10,000 - 8,500

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Notes:
  • A statewide mail survey of primary and secondary wood product manufacturers was underaken to quantify the production and consumption of wood residues. Virginia Employment Commission data as of 12/31/1996 was used to extrapolate and thereby estimate the total wood residue volumes produced in each SIC (Standard Industrial Classification Code).
  • Approximately 8 percent of the hardwood total was produced by pine sawmills.
  • Approximately 5 percent of pine total was produced by Hardwood sawmills.
  • Engineered wood manufacturers included: hardboard, laminated, veeneer lumber, oriented strandboard, and particleboard.
  • Hardwood plywood manufacturers included: hardwood plywood, face grade veneers, and veneer.
  • Rough mill operations included: box springs, cabinets and cabinet components, doors, edge glued panels, flooring, furniture parts, laminated furniture parts, millwork, and timbers.
  • Housing manufacturers included: log homes, modular housing, post frame buildings, prefabricated wall panels, trusses, and utility buildings.
  • "Other" manufacturers included: mulch, chip, post, piling, steam, travel trailers, novelties, electricity, pipe organ, handle, stake manufacturers, boat repairing, wood preserves, and building supplies.
  • Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.


  • Source:
  • Smith RL, Reddy V, Alderman D, 1997. Wood Residues in Virginia: It's Availability and Current Potential Markets, Center for Forest Products Marketing, Virginia Tech 24061.