The Geological Survey of Alabama has maintained an active research program in carbon sequestration since the year 2000. This research includes assessing the potential of geologic formations, identification of risks associated with geologic sequestration, and the implementation of sequestration technology.

The Geological Survey of Alabama is a member of the Southeastern Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (SECARB) and has completed a Phase I investigation of potential geologic carbon sinks in Alabama, Mississippi, and the Florida panhandle. Phase II activities being conducted by the Geological Survey of Alabama are focused on the potential of coal as a sink for carbon dioxide. Assessment activities include the characterization of coal seams in the Appalachian thrust belt. In addition, a field test and monitoring program will be conducted in coalbed methane reservoirs of the Black Warrior basin. The University of Alabama will assist in the design and implementation of the field test, Advanced Resources International will develop reservoir models to support the test, and Southern Company will conduct shallow subsurface and surface monitoring programs to ensure that the test is safe and effective.

Information was gathered from the Geological Survey of Alabama Carbon Sequestration Research website.